Welding is a critical process used in many industries to join materials together in a strong and permanent way. It is a complex process that requires a skilled welder, the right equipment and the right type of welding for the job. These five welding method are the most common types of welding used in industry today.
1. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) – This method is also known as stick welding and is the most basic type of welding. It is used to connect a wide range of materials including mild steel, stainless steel, and aluminum. A consumable electrode coated in flux is used to create an arc between the electrode and the workpiece, which melts the electrode and the workpiece, creating a weld. This type of welding is often used in construction, manufacturing, and repair work.
2. Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) – Also known as Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding, this process uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode to create the arc, and an inert gas such as argon to shield the weld from contamination. This type of welding is highly precise, making it perfect for welding thin materials and for creating precise, clean welds. It is commonly used in aerospace, medical equipment and high-quality fabrication.
3. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) – Also known as Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welding, this method uses a consumable wire as the electrode and an inert gas to shield the weld. This type of welding is fast and efficient, making it perfect for welding large pieces or for welding in tight spaces. It is commonly used in the automobile, construction and shipbuilding industries.
4. Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW) – This process is similar to MIG welding but uses a hollow electrode filled with flux instead of a solid wire. This type of welding is perfect for welding outdoors or in windy conditions as the flux inside the electrode creates a shield for the weld. It is commonly used in construction and fabrication industries.
5. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) – This process uses a consumable electrode, similar to stick welding, but the electrode and the weld are submerged in a layer of flux to shield the weld. This type of welding is highly efficient, making it perfect for welding large pieces or for welding in tight spaces. It is commonly used in the shipbuilding and heavy equipment manufacturing industries.
At Southern Welding, we support our clients with complex welding challenges without sacrificing safety, quality, or value.